The Socialist Republic of Vietnam, founded in 1945 and reunified in 1975, is the third most populous nation in
Southeast Asia and the fourteenth most populous nation worldwide. Although the nation has seen a large population shift since the establishment of its ‘open door’ policy, 70 percent of the country remains in rural areas. The three largest cities – Hanoi (the capital), Ho Chi Minh City, and – comprise just ten percent of the population. Haiphong
The country’s executive includes a head of government (Prime Minister), head of state (President), and cabinet, which is responsible to the country’s legislature, the National Assembly. The judiciary is comprised of Provincial and Municipal People’s Courts, or the courts of first and second instance, as well as regional and Central Supreme People’s Courts.
operates under a civil law system, as based on the framework provided by the 1992 Constitution. The predominant political party is the Communist Party of Vietnam. Vietnam